Cancer Diagnosis and Treatments


After hearing that a dear uncle of mine has been diagnosed with colon cancer and seeing the amount of pain that it caused him as well as expense of the medication, he took about eight pills per day different shapes, size as well as colours, I became curious as to the treatment and diagnosis of cancer.

Firstly, there are two hundred different types of cancers which are categorised into the following groups, well most of them anyway:

Central nervous system cancers: These cancers begin in the brain and spinal cord tissues.

Leukaemia: This cancer starts forming in blood trough tissue such as bone marrow and can cause large numbers of the abnormal cancer cells to be produced as well as enable them to enter the blood.

Carcinoma: These types of cancers begin in the skin or in the tissues that cover or line internal organs.

Lymphoma and myeloma: cancers such as these tend to begin in cells related to the immune system.

Sarcoma: This cancer begins in the bone, muscle, cartilage, blood vessels, fat as well as other supportive or connective tissues.

The only way to diagnose whether or not you have cancer is to visit your doctor. Your doctor will then conduct a physical examination as well as ask about your medical history especially the first symptoms that you have experienced. Other tests will be done to determine where the cancer is located and the type of cancer the patient is infected with. Blood tests will also be required to further diagnose the cancer.

Imaging studies as CT scans, X-rays and MRI scans together with ultrasounds, are the most common tools used to detect abnormalities within the body. Endoscopy testing allows the doctor to see the tissues of the throat, bronchi and intestinal tract which may have cancerous-cells. For those areas which cant be easily visualised, for example the lymph nodes or the inside of the bones, radionuclide scanning is used. This type of test involves an IV injection or ingestion of abnormal tissue.

If a patient has been diagnosed with cancer, treatment is designed to meet the needs of that individual. Even though this is done, most treatments comprise of one or more of the following: radiation therapy, surgery or chemotherapy. For patients that have cancer which cant be removed or cured, palliative therapy is used.

This sort of therapy is used to reduce the symptoms of the cancer. These include pain medication as well as anti-nausea medication, which are intended to improve and extend the life of the cancer patient.

Bearing all this in mind, remember that a person with cancer is just that - a person. They would need as much love, care and attention, as a Harlesden escort or anybody else, in order to cope during this difficult phase in their lives.