Conditions that Affect Your Testicles or Scrotum


When you think about your health, how often do you consider checking your testicles or scrotum? Hardly ever, right? Well here are a few reasons why you should check your testicles.


Warts on your scrotum look like raised, small cauliflower-like lumps. You should not try to remove these yourself, but check your medical practitioner for treatment. Treatment is usually done in a GUM, genitourinary medicine clinic.

Your scrotum and shaft of your penis already has tiny, smooth bumps which is normal. Warts tend to show up more especially in the cold weather and when your scrotum is tight. They appear more noticeable when your penis is erect.


Men get hernia due to the loop of bowel that slips through the wall of the abdomen. This swelling, a hernia, is formed between the abdomen (inguinal region) and joint between the thigh. Sometimes the hernia can move to the scrotum and develop into an inguinal hernia.

These inguinal hernias occur more in men than women,due to the weakness in the man's abdominal wall by the groin. If you do have a hernia in your scrotum you will feel the impulse when you cough, in your scrotum.

These tend to go unnoticed until they enlarge and cut off the supply of blood which causes sudden pain. Once developed the only way to remove them is through surgery.You can protect yourself from getting inguinal hernias by regular exercise and keeping yourself fit and active.


This hydrocele is a soft lump that can be found in the scrotum. The hydrocele is the collection of sterile fluid that is found in the cord that is attached to the testicles and seems to be harmless. However, if left untreated these can grow and cause you a lot of discomfort. These are usually drained once identified.

Varicocele carry a similar trait but these are formed due to blood vessels that have been enlarged which also needs to be removed through surgery in severe cases. Even though these conditions are not dangerous, they do cause discomfort as they place pressure on your blood vessels.


This is the spontaneous twisting of the testicle (testicular torsion) which cuts off the blood supply, which is noticeable because of the severe pain, tenderness and swelling in one testicle. These signs and symptoms are accompanied by vomiting. This pain only goes away when the testicle goes back to its right position which is only done during surgery. If this surgery is not done within an hour of getting these symptoms and signs, then permanent damage can be done to the testicle.

No one knows the cause behind torsion only that if it has happened once before, then you are most likely to get it again. In order to prevent this, both testicles may be loosely stitched to the scrotum.